Hola a todos! Hace unos días vi que Venezuela llegó a la frontpage gracias a un artículo en WorldNews
donde The Guardian explicaba que nuestras protestas ya van entrando en su tercer mes. Vi varios comentarios de personas que querían ver más fotos y videos de lo que está pasando. Como hay demasiadas cosas que no llegan a la prensa internacional, pensé en armar una lista (no pretende ser absoluta ni completa) de varios sucesos. Tratando de poder hacer accesible el material a quienes no hablan español, traduje los titulares de los periódicos que usé, incluso traduje algunas consignas que la gente grita en las manifestaciones, así como algunos comentarios para dar contexto en donde fuese necesario. Les dejo lo que he recopilado (actualizaré mientras pueda), sé que hay demasiado que quedó por fuera, pero si les gusta el formato, les invito a que lo compartan y lo amplíen.
I'LL TRY TO KEEP THIS LIST UPDATED DAILY
June 19 - Caracas: Another student, Fabian Urbina is killed with firearm during opposition demonstration
. Article by Reuters in English
. This video
shows when GNB officers opened fire at demonstrators near Altamira and shot Fabian; other six were injured. Other popular photo by Reuters
. This was the day 80 of the national resistance movement.
June 19 - Caracas: Pictures and videos of the march "Everybody to Caracas", that was supposed to reach the CNE headquarters. Photos1
(the big letters say "Bread, Freedom and Democracy", "In Peaceful protest").
June 19 - Caracas: Public office workers call for a concentration to back the actions of the Chief Prosecutor Luisa Ortega Diaz
. This public protest was also promoted by some left-wing parties such as Bandera Roja, who prompted to vote null or to abstain from voting in the Constituent project to change the constitution
. Bandera Roja and Marea Socialista are some examples of left-wing parties who have publicly displayed disapproval of Maduro's recent actions.
June 16 - Maracaibo, Zulia State: Security forces break into Torres del Saladillo apartment buildings hunting protesters
. There were 18 arrested
and the repression with tear gas forced a nearby school to be evacuated
; this police officer was seen using a slignshot
June 16 - Naguanagua, Carabobo State: 8 Protesters were detained, judged in a court-martial and sent to military prison Ramo Verde
. NOTE: These are not the first civilians being judged by courts-martial, at least 338 civilians have been judged by military courts
June 16 - Barquisimeto, Lara State: 23 year old Nelso Arévalo died on a local protest
. The cause of death is being investigated by authorities.
June 16 - Between Aragua and Carabobo: Students who have been marching for 8 days from Lara to Caracas faced repression at La Cabrera Tunnel
, short video
. The pilgrimage was started by 33 university students of the UCLA on June 8
and they have been joined so far by 87 more people along their journey
, which adds up to 380km (236 miles) from start to finish.
June 16 - Students of Alejandro de Humboldt University protest because of the rector's decision to provide student's data to the National Electoral Council
. This data is intended to be part of the the government's widely rejected project of the "National Constituent Assembly" to reform the current Constitution without a proper referendum. Several Universities have refused to provide student's data, including USM
, UCAB, UNET, ULA, LUZ
June 15 - El Paraíso, Caracas: Neighbours sympathized with residents of Los Verdes after June 13 events
. The song the people sing is a spanish version of "Do you hear the people sing?" of Victor Hugos's Les Misérables. An anonymous group of local artists is leading the choir. I suggest checking their twitter account
. They have made public appearances many times and have sung the anthem as a creative form of protest.
June 15 - Caracas: After the call of the opposition leaders to protest with signs in all stations of Caracas' subway (Metro de Caracas), the facilities of the Metro were guarded by the military since early in the morning
. Three journalists were detained for two hours by Metro security personnel
. Some political leaders and demonstrators could get inside the wagons but most remained in the surrondings of the stations.
June 15 - Mérida State: CONATEL takes down transmission signal of TV channel of the University of Los Andes, ULA TV
. Less than an hour later, ULA students and people started protesting at the channel's facilities
. The reasons given by government officials, as told by ULA's rector Mario Bonucci, were "a missing document we requested to CONATEL in 2013 and they never answered", saying they did it simply because they are against the University (source
June 15 - Maracaibo, Zulia State: Luis Enrique Vera, student, dies while protesting near Rafael Belloso Chacín University
. He was run over by a truck. The driver was identified and arrested.
June 15 - Barquisimeto, Lara State: Mass religious procession for peace and freedom
, other angle
, demonstrators screamed "freedom"
. NOTE: The procession of the Divina Pastora is commonly held each year in January, but catholic leaders made an exception this year as a result of recent tragedies.
June 15 - Rubio, Táchira State: 20 year old student José Gregorio Pérez dies after armed civilian shot him amidst an opposition demonstration
June 14: Opposition demonstrators engage in 12 hour sit-ins in various cities of the country. In most places the activity was cracked down from the start, preventing the gatherings. The attendance in general was low. Maturín, Monagas State: Police prevented the sit-in and some protesters were detained
. San Cristóbal, Táchira State: People resorted to barricades with cylinders of LP gas due to recent shortages
. Santa Fe, Caracas: Here the sit-in was completed without repression
. Altamira, Caracas: The activity was dispersed despite demonstrator regroupings, with strong pressence of the police
. Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas: Neighbours of Terrazas del Ávila Urbanization start the sit-in near 11am
. Around 12 pm GNB starts using tear gas
and later they break into the urbanization
, and left many injured from tear gas, rubber bullets, marbles, and even lead marbles
. There were three people arrested
. Valencia, Carabobo: The sit-in could not be completed and ended with new acts of police violence: Security officers break into Los Tulipanes residential buildings chasing protesters
, Officer shots his gun into the air as he hunts demonstrator
June 14 - Ciudad Bolívar, Bolívar State: Doctors of Ruiz Y Páez Hospital protest wigh signs against the humanitarian crisis
June 14 - Ciudad Bolívar, Bolívar State: Alleged opposition group of hooded men burn office of the socialist party PSUV
. Local newspaper "El Luchador" blames opposition deputies as the responsible of the attacks without compelling evidence. Later on twitter, one of these deputies denies these statements and says the attack was staged by state's governor
. NOTE: This is a recurrent scenario. Every time an arson/looting/attack to property takes place, the government blames opposition leaders without evidence, and then they deny the statements (to be fair, without evidence too). However, as explained in other events, people report these attacks occur under suspicious circumstances (see events of June 5 in Altamira). In this case, a twitter user claimed that the party's office has been permanently guarded by the police for the last 15 days, and on the day of the fire it was seen alone source but the fact is not verified
. Also, people noticed the office did not have it's air conditioners installed
. Regardless of the guilty, these acts of destruction do not help at all.
June 13 - Las Artigas, Caracas: Neighbours of La Quebradita protest hitting pots and with barricades
. They too faced repression
. It was reported that the security forces broke into one of the buildings
and shattered car's windshields and shot rubber bullets and live rounds
June 13 - El Paraíso, Caracas: State's security forces alongside paramilitary groups break into Residential Complex "Los Verdes", terrorizing neighbours and breaking into apartments one by one
, officers even shot a dog disturbing picture
(UPDATE: Cross, the dog, didn't survive source
). Even more pictures of the aftermath
IMPORTANT NOTE: In previous weeks, similar actions have been taken against communities of San Antonio de Los Altos, El Carrizal (both in Miranda state), and even more towns of Carabobo, Táchira and Mérida States, featuring break-ins, kidnappings and coordinated lootings (I say coordinated because no security officer tried to stop said lootings, and even people reported watching some officers participating in the lootings). This occasion in El Paraiso, the security officers comprised by members of the GNB, SEBIN, CONAS (as reported by people on twitter) accompanied by armed paramilitary groups, shot tear gas directly at the buildings, rubber bullets and threatened with firearms to the neighbours. It was denounced that the paramilitary groups left people without electricity service source
and the officers, besides destroying private property as they advance, do not permit people neither entrance nor exit of the residential complex source
. One of the detained is an 18 year old pregnant woman
(she is being denied access to food with no updates on this so far). If this is not State terrorism, I don't know what is.
June 13 - Puerto Ayacucho, Amazonas State: Indigenous tribes march and consigned document rejecting the gov's project to rewrite Constitution
, other angle
June 13 - Lechería, Anzoátegui State: National Guards shoot at protesters who try to swim away from them
June 12 - Caracas: Opposition protesters and pro-government groups in motorcycles clash near Baralt Avenue
June 12 - Caracas: Public transport bus drivers of Caracas go on strike for 12 hours. Here
a reporter explains the success of the strike on El Paraíso, Caracas. And here
people report that the strike was also followed in Catia, Vargas State.
June 12 - La Guaira, Vargas State: People of Vargas protest for food
The protests have been going on for days and so far left one person dead: 50 year old Sócrates Salgado dies of respiratory failure caused by excessive inhalation of tear gas
. The streets are in such a bad condition that an anti-riot car gets stuck in a road hole
June 11 - Caracas: People painted the names in Prados del Este Highway of those who have died so far in the demonstrations this year
June 10 - Portuguesa: Agriculture and farming workers march along the people of Portuguesa State against the regime with oxen and cows included
NOTE: This state was an erstwhile supporter of the regime
June 10 - Guarenas, Miranda State: People throw molotov cocktail at anti-riot police car
NOTE: Most of the time the protests are peaceful, but sometimes protesters do respond with violence. People has noticed this has been prone to occur when the security forces start to lose their minds and shoot tear gas horizontally, aim at buildings and do break-ins searching for hiding protesters.
June 10 - La Candelaria, Caracas: Police firing at demonstrators with shotguns
. Later that night, People respond with molotovs to police and army repression of nightly protest
NOTE: This sector of the city (Libertador Municipality) was once a heavy supporter of Chavez and Maduro's regime. The next morning, this was the aftermath. Neighbours said the police aimed directly at the buildings: Link
June 10 - Puerto Ordaz, Bolívar State: National Guard chases demonstrators, breaking into Orinokia Mall
June 9 - Caracas: Students from Central University of Venezuela (UCV) march to China's Embassy in Caracas
. They left signs condemning the financial aid provided by the chinese government to buy weapons, riot control and repression supplies. Some signs say "Your weapons kill our people", "Assassins of students".
June 9 - El Recreo, Caracas: Nightly march, people shout "Libertador arrecho, reclama sus derechos" which roughly translates to "Libertador (referring to the Municipality) is angry, we reclaim for our rights"
June 8 - Chacao, Caracas: March of lights to honor the 17 year old boy Neomar Lander and all who have died during the protests. The people scream "Who are we? Venezuela! What do we want? Freedom!"
, another angle
June 7 - Caracas: National Guard officers arrest a demonstrator
NOTE: This day of repression was quite controversial, because the day before General and chief or the National Armed Forces, Vladimir Padrino López, spoke out and criticized the behavior of National Guards
. He started saying (quote) " I do not want to see one more National Guard committing an atrocity on the streets
". It is evident in the video that such order was not obeyed.
June 5 - Caracas: Gunmen firing at demonstrators retreating at the CCCT Mall
June 5 - Altamira, Caracas: Buses of the public transport burned in the streets
IMPORTANT NOTE: That night three buses were burned nearby Altamira Square. There were no protesters around seen by neither neighbours nor security cameras. There was no presence of security forces the whole time the three buses were burned. The buses arrived with no passengers and escorted by motorcycle drivers and reportedly the buses didn't have license plates. Fire fighters took a suspicious amount of time to arrive. The government has no proof this was done by opposition protesters, but still imputes the crime on them. This has happened in previous days and under similar conditions.
June 5: Evidence of tweet bots managed by the government to make artificial trends on Twitter
. They retweet the same content and in this case, these bot accounts were all created in January. Other example
June 3 - Caracas: Miguel Pizarro, deputy of the National Assembly, denounces a Lieutenant Colonel of the National Guard
The officer was covering his face and the name in his uniform (that's illegal) while he gave the order to crack down on demonstrators.
June 2 - La Vega, Caracas Protestors force anti-riot cars to retreat
NOTE: La Vega is an extremely dangerous zone of Caracas. It is one of the last places one could expect to see protests, because of the lifelong support of this community towards Chavez and the government.
June 2 - Los Ruices, Caracas: March leaded by University students reaches the government controlled TV channel "VTV"
This channel is known for it's absurd pro-gov propaganda and spreading fake news and diffamation towards the opposition.
May 31 - Caracas: Security forces (GNB) shoot protesters at close range with illegal weapon at Francisco Fajardo Highway
May 31 - Turen, Portuguesa State: Farmers and ranchers protest against Maduro's intentions to rewrite the Constitution
May 30 - Caracas; Opposition deputy of the National Assembly, Carlos Paparoni, hit by water cannon while marching through Francisco Fajardo Highway
May 26 - Caracas: As protesters approach security forces with empty hands one of them is shot at close range in the leg
May 24 - Bello Monte, Caracas: Infiltrate armed individual in opposition march is seen running away with state's security forces
, more angles
May 22 - Barinas State 8 Civilians killed after protests in Barinas
NOTE: Barinas was the state where ex president Chavez was born. The protests started peacefully, but once the police shot live rounds and killed 19 year old Yorman Bervecia
everything turned violent. The police kept opening fire at the protestors, there were at least 170 businesses looted and riots every night. Personal opinion: it seems that the regime couldn't handle an uprising in Barinas, the state most loyal and supportive of the government, and cracked down with all it's rage.
May 22 - Caracas: March of healthcare professionals against the humanitarian crisis and the regime. This doctor tried to hug an officer and is taken down by water cannon
, other picture
May 20 - Cabimas, Zulia State: Farmers of Zulia participate in the march and give free milk to the demonstrators
May 20 - Caracas: Police represses opposition march and injures press reporter Luis Gonzalo Perez
May 20 - Caracas: Massive demonstration in Francisco Fajardo Highway
May 18 - Caracas: Angry opposition mob kick two men mistakenly thought to be ministers in CCCT Mall
is the clarification that the two men were just regular civilians. Personal opinion: I condemn this and any kind of violence. This is wrong and not justifiable
May 15 - Coloncito, Táchira State: Farmers of Táchira go on strike and give free milk and cheese to local people
May 13 - Caracas, Portuguesa, Guárico, Carabobo, Aragua, Miranda: Horseback riding anti-government rally
NOTE: These are more places that never used to protest against the government
A) En Francia existe una Ley en vigor “relativa a los derechos del paciente y al final de la vida”, más conocida como ley Leonetti y data de 2005. Es una ley ambigua, más preocupada en prohibir toda conducta eutanásica que en responder al deseo, muchas veces expresado por la ciudadanía, de una auténtica ayuda a morir...En sus diez años de aplicación esta ley ha provocado una cascada de casos dramáticos y muy mediáticos que ponen de relieve su inoperancia y hasta podríamos decir su “toxicidad”.
B) Vivimos en un mundo donde la medicina ha progresado tanto que es capaz de mantener en vida durante largo tiempo a los pacientes, sin preocuparse mucho por la calidad o el sentido de la vida que se prolonga.
C) En la actualidad muchos piensan que ha llegado el momento de reformar la ley anteriormente citada. Después de muchas promesas políticas, se llevó a cabo, en el 2013, una “consulta ciudadana” en donde la ciudadanía se pronunció claramente a favor de la apertura de un “derecho al suicidio asistido y a una excepción de eutanasia”....Sin embargo, llegamos al 2015 y en la Asamblea Nacional se aprueba la ley Claeys-Leonetti que sólo añade a la anterior la obligatoriedad de tomar en cuenta las directrices anticipadas (pero dejando la última decisión al médico) y permite una sedación terminal profunda y continua una vez suspendidos todos los tratamientos....En definitiva, estamos ante una modificación mínima de la ley en vigor, y que traiciona las promesas políticas y las esperanzas de gran parte de la ciudadanía.
D) De todos modos, la Ley va a volver se debatida por los diputados el 5 y 6 de octubre....Según parece todo tiene que ver con los últimos casos dramáticos relativos al final de la vida y que ocuparon no sólamente los titulares de la Prensa, sino también los juzgados...Uno de estos casos fué el de Jean Mercier....Otro el de Vincent Lambert....Por último tenemos también el caso del Doctor Bonnemaison...
E) El 22 de septiembre, Jean Mercier, un hombre de 87 años enfermo de Parkinson y de cáncer, se vió obligado a comparecer delante de un tribunal. Hace tres años, ayudó a morir a su esposa de 83 años y muy enferma. Ella le pidió ayuda para acabar con una vida que ya no era vida. Él finalmente se la proporcionó y llamó al médico sólo después del fallecimiento. Le iban a acusar de “homicidio voluntario” y de “no asistencia a persona en situación de peligro”. Finalmente sólo será acusado del segundo de estos delitos, lo que puede acarrearle una condena a 5 años de cárcel. Jean Mercier está defendido por un abogado de la ADMD.
F) El 29 de septiembre se desarrollará otro episodio del caso Vincent Lambert, paciente en coma vegetativo desde 2008. No había redactado directrices anticipadas. Al no poder saber con certeza su opinión sobre el tema, la familia se ha dividido dando lugar a numerosos episodios judiciales muy duros....Y es que un gran fallo de las Leyes es el no haber establecido ninguna jerarquía entre los posibles representantes del paciente cuando no está capacitado para expresarse. Además, los ambientes integristas católicos han cogido este caso como bandera... Los padres, católicos integristas y contrarios a “dejar morir” a su hijo, han denunciado a los médicos por “tentativa de asesinato contra una persona desvalida” y piden a la justicia autorizar el internamiento del paciente en una unidad de cuidados para grandes minusvalías. Dada la situación, el sobrino de Vincent Lambert, a favor de “dejarle ir”, exige judicialmente y con procedimiento de urgencia la aplicación de las sentencias. El tribunal examinará su petición el 29 de septiembre.
G) Entre el 12 y el 23 de octubre se celebrará el segundo juicio contra el doctor Bonnemaison, acusado en 2014 de asesinato de 7 ancianos en estado terminal en el servicio de Urgencias del hospital de Bayona. Bonnemaison fue absuelto por el jurado, pero el fiscal, que declaró sin embargo que Bonnemaison “no es un asesino”, recurrió la sentencia de absolución. Será juzgado una segunda vez. Puede ser condenado a 5 años de cárcel.
H) Frente a la sordera y a la increíble cobardía de muchos representantes políticos, pero también frente a la gran capacidad de presión de las fuerzas más reaccionarias, la ciudadanía ha de movilizarse también para intentar conseguir la “última libertad”, la libertad de que cada uno pueda tomar su destino en sus manos y decidir cuando y cómo “irse”. No es una utopía...Es un derecho que que ya disfrutan los ciudadanos de varios países vecinos: Suiza, Bélgica, Luxemburgo y Holanda. Sin duda...aquí también se conseguirá...Muchos, sin embargo, posiblemente no lo veamos...pero lucharemos para que al menos, nuestros hijos y nietos, tengan, como otros muchos, ese derecho.... [Fuente: http://blogs.publico.es/estacion-termino/2015/09/25/francia-una-dura-batalla-por-la-ultima-libertad/